Factsheets

Age and Infertility
Over 15% of couples in Australia have difficulty conceiving a child; and delayed childbearing has resulted in more women in their late 30s and early 40s attempting conception than ever before. In fact, about 20% of women now have their first child after age 35…

Assisted Hatching
Mature oocytes (eggs) are surrounded by a glycoprotein coat or shell called the zona pellucida. This coat continues to surround the fertilised egg and embryo until it reaches the blastocyst stage of development (5 to 6 days post fertilisation)…

Blastocyst Culture
The word blastocyst refers to the stage that the human embryo reaches approximately five to six days after fertilisation. It is the stage of development that the embryo must reach before it can hatch and implant in the lining of the uterus…

Causes of Infertilty
The complex processes involved in egg and sperm production, and fertilisation, create numerous opportunities for something to go wrong…

Counselling
Infertility is a medical condition that touches all aspects of your life. It may affect your relationships with others, your perspective on life and how you feel about yourself…

Drugs
Although it is also sold under the brand name serophene, Clomiphene is most commonly referred to by its other brand name, Clomid. used in women with ovulation problems, Clomid is a very common, inexpensive and popular type of fertility treatment. used to help regulate or induce ovulation, clomiphene assists in increasing follicle production in the ovaries…

Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy occurs when the pregnancy implants outside of the uterus. It can occur in several places, but the most common place is within the fallopian tube. Pregnancy can even occur in both the uterus and the tube at the same time (heterotopic pregnancy), but this is rare, occurring in about 1/10,000 pregnancies…

Egg Donation
This fact sheet has been written to help potential egg donors considering the option of donating their eggs at Life Fertility clinic. It aims to take you step by step through the treatment cycle, explain why certain things are done and answer most of the questions that commonly arise during treatment. We suggest you read the leaflet carefully before embarking on egg donation and follow it during the treatment cycle…

Embryo Donation
This fact sheet has been written to help potential donors considering the option to donate their embryos at Life Fertility clinic. It aims to take you step by step through the process, explain why certain things are done and answer most of the questions that commonly arise during embryo donation. We suggest you read the leaflet carefully before embarking on embryo donation and follow it during the process…

Endometriosis
Endometriosis (pronounced en – doh – mee – tree – oh – sis) is the name given to the condition where cells like the ones in the lining of the uterus are found outside the uterus in the pelvis and occasionally in more remote sites of the body…

FAQ
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a procedure whereby eggs are removed from a woman’s ovaries and inseminated outside the body. Embryo(s) that result are then placed in the woman’s uterus where they may implant and grow…

FET
Generally speaking, success rates with a frozen embryo transfer are slightly lower than IVF. The reason for this is that the best embryos are usually transferred during the IVF cycle…

Freezing and Storage
‘Cryopreservation’, commonly called ‘freezing’, is the term used to describe the process by which the viability of cells is preserved for future use by infusion with a cryoprotectant, and cooling to very low temperatures. With current technology we can now cryopreserve (freeze) sperm, eggs, embryos and small tissue fragments, such as ovary and testis…

ICSI
ICSI is very similar to conventional IVF in that gametes (eggs and sperm) are collected from each partner. the eggs are fertilised in the laboratory and the resulting embryos are cultured in the laboratory until the best one or two are selected for transfer to the woman’s uterus 2 to 6 days later…

IUI
IUI is an infertility treatment procedure in which semen is processed and the concentrated sperm are placed into the uterus using a small catheter. On the day of the IUI, the male partner produces a semen sample…

IVF Step By Step
Fertility drugs are given to control the timing of an egg ripening and to increase the chance of collecting more than one egg. in the in vitro Fertilisation program we usually prescribe a combination of drugs to induce the growth of multiple egg follicles. this process is called ‘super- ovulation’…

Laparoscopy Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is the visualisation of the inside of your uterus, to establish that it is structurally normal and that there are no abnormal findings within the cavity, such as fibroids, polyps or adhesions…

Menopause
Menopause is the medical term used for the last menstrual period a woman will ever have. however, the term is also often used to describe the years leading up to this time, ‘the peri menopause’. this time is more accurately known as the ‘climacteric’…

Miscarriage
Any spontaneous pregnancy loss during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy is considered a miscarriage. Once such a spontaneous pregnancy loss occurs after 20 weeks of gestation, it is considered an intrauterine demise…

Ovulation Induction
Ovulation Induction is recommended for women who do not ovulate regularly, do not ovulate at all, or for women who do ovulate, in order to produce more follicles (and eggs) than they would naturally produce. it is a routine part of fertility…

PCOs
Polycystic Ovarian syndrome (PCOs) is a hormone or endocrine syndrome (group of clinical symptoms) first described by doctors in the 1930s. in PCOs, characteristically there is an excess of androgens (male hormones) and lack of regular ovulation (release of an egg from the ovary). it is sometimes also referred to as ‘stein Leventhal syndrome’…

PESA TESA
Percutaneous Epididymal sperm aspiration (PEsa) and testicular sperm aspiration (tEsa) are procedures used in the management of obstructive and non- obstructive azoospermia…

PGS
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD), or Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS), is a very early method of prenatal diagnosis designed for couples at risk of transmitting an inherited disease to their children…

Pregnant: Now What?
Congratulations! It’s so exciting to fall pregnant after trying for so long. When some people fall pregnant they are taken completely by surprise, particularly if they have experienced previous failed cycles…

Preparing
A healthy lifestyle is recommended prior to and during pregnancy. Preconception care should be implemented 3 months prior to commencement of any fertility treatment to maximise the chances of conception…

Recipient To Donors
Many people require the use of donor egg, sperm or embryos to achieve a pregnancy. At Life Fertility clinic we are here to help you achieve your desire of a pregnancy…

Risks
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (Ohss) is a serious complication of IVF caused by excessive stimulation of the ovaries (too many eggs are produced)…

Semen Analysis
Semen analysis is the main component of male factor infertility investigation and involves a laboratory assessment of a man’s ejaculated semen sample…

Sperm Donation
This fact sheet has been written to help potential donors considering the option to donate their sperm at Life Fertility clinic…

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